This is part of a chapter-by-chapter review of THE ECOLOGY OF FREEDOM: The emergence and dissolution of hierarchy by Murray Bookchin (1982, 1991, 2005).
chapter four – epistemologies of rule
Murray Bookchin says the great enemy of human well-being is hierarchy. The reason hierarchy persists, according to him, is that that hierarchical values rule our minds—discipline, renunciation, the work ethic, sexual guilt and obedience to rules.
In this chapter, he speculated as to how these values came to rule us. In the previous chapter, he spoke of how old people in “organic” societies may have protected themselves from being regarded as expendable by reinventing themselves as shamans and priests, and how young men then may have replaced the ties of family and clan with oaths to the warrior’s blood brotherhood.
The first cities of the ancient Near East did not grow up around marketplaces, according to Bookchin; they grew…
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